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Friends' U
RL's  and Photo's USA

 Anna        Art's website Crofut's world of wonders  +  Racebrook Fine Gems

Shamrock Farm Orange, Connecticut                           Cottage Leslie & Richard  New Marlboro Massachusetts

Crofut Cats Orange CT      'Cristo's  Gates' Feb 2005 Central Park, New  York      U.S. National Anthem

Fieldtrip New Haven Mineral Club Apr 2005 Catskill New York      and .......... a small selection, click on the picture for enlargement

Cristo Gates February 2005

Han, Leslie and Richard in the Berkshires

Christel and Han making a Ginger bread house Dec 2004

Art and Hanneke, she said JA ik WIL

Art and Anna, January 2001

DeMatteo's and Doyle's, Xmas 2003

Ridge between Woodbridge and Westville, Nov 2003

Late March 2003 ... finally the kabouters can come out

Early March 2003, early morning - late Snow

Happy 2003 Brooklyn Bridge, Joan Art and Han

Joan and Han to New York, October 2001

Gothic memory WTC Sep 2001

Fred kiss goodbuy, Jan 2001

Connecticut foliage 2001

Lake Woodbridge CT 2001

Paul, Burr, Bob, Bruce, Art, Han, Fred, Ron 2001

Flowers from New York for Anna January 2001

Han Ron Burr and Art, Fall 2001


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Star Spangled Banner composed by Francis Scott Key, "In Defense of Fort McHenry" in September 1814. Congress proclaimed it the U.S. National Anthem in 1931.

Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there.
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore dimly seen thro' the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?

Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream:
'T is the star-spangled banner: O, long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!
Flag draped from the roof of the Pentagon

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has wash'd out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

O, thus be it ever when freemen shall stand,
Between their lov'd homes and the war's desolation;
Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
Praise the Pow'r that hath made and preserv'd us as a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust"
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

History: In 1814, about a week after the city of Washington had been badly burned, British troops moved up to the primary port at Baltimore Harbor in Maryland. Frances Scott Key visited the British fleet in the Harbor on September 13th to secure the release of Dr. William Beanes who had been captured during the Washington raid. The two were detained on the ship so as not to warn the Americans while the Royal Navy attempted to bombard Fort McHenry. At dawn on the 14th, Key noted that the huge American flag, which now hangs in the Smithsonian's American History Museum, was still waving and had not been removed in defeat. The sight inspired him to write a poem entitled Defense of Fort McHenry; later the poem was set to music that had been previously composed for another song by a Mr. Smith. The end result was the inspiring song now considered the national anthem of the United States of America. It was accepted as such by public demand for the next century or so, but became even more accepted as the national anthem during the World Series of Baseball in 1917 when it was sung in honor of the brave armed forces fighting in the Great War. The World Series performance moved everyone in attendance, and after that it was repeated for every game. Finally, on March 3, 1931, the American Congress proclaimed it as the national anthem, 116 years after it was first written.



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